What are the major laws or acts that prohibit or cover discriminatory practices within the workplace?
The ones we’ll talk about here are the most notable, first is the Civil Rights Act of 1964 commonly known as title seven and this is the broadest employment discrimination law and it applies to numerous types of consideration and it protects employees from discrimination based on race, sex, color, religion and national origin. There are other acts or laws that are still on the books that are made to address unique situations of discrimination against employees. One is an old law the original civil rights act passed in 1866 commonly referred to as the 1981 act. It focuses on discrimination based upon race. So, again it can stand an action under 1981 act can stand in addition to or along with title seven.
We have the Age Discrimination and Employment Act because age is not protected under title seven so this is a unique act that prohibits discrimination against employees that are 40 years old or older. We have the Americans with Disabilities Act that prohibits discrimination against employees based on any qualified disability that they may have. And it applies uniquely in the in the business context that individuals opening up an establishment or place of business to the public must accommodate individuals that have potential patrons of their organizations who have a disability. This could include putting access ramps to the location or widening doors or bathroom doors etc.
Okay, another one is the Genetic Information non-discrimination Act or Gina. This is generally used to prohibit discrimination based on somebody’s genetic information their history or lineage that could relate to race or national origin or any genetic conditions or diseases that they may have within their history or lineage. And then lastly the uniform service members employment and reemployment Act or Usera. And this is used to prevent discrimination against uniformed service members, members of the military and or certain cases Homeland Security members from discrimination when they are called up for active duty or non-active duty but routine service requirements.
When someone discriminates against another person and it violates their constitutional rights, they often have the ability to pursue compensation in one form or another. Each case is different and, if there are no damages sustained, you can expect there to be very little compensation received. Speaking with an attorney about your case is one of the best ways to ensure your rights are protected.